Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary Living Sanctuary section includes Marine Life, Habitats, Ocean Environment, History and Culture
Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary Living Sanctuary section includes Marine Life, Habitats, Ocean Environment, History and Culture
Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary Living Sanctuary section includes Marine Life, Habitats, Ocean Environment, History and Culture

Austria

The Austria was built in 1869 at the Bath Maine shipyard of the Houghton Brothers. She was exceptionally well built of southern pine with about 50 tons of rock salt filling spaces in the frame to preserve the wood in the hull.

The Austria was originally designed as a 3-masted square-rigger. She was a speedy ship, making a run from Brazil to San Francisco in 70 days, 12 days less than the famed clipper Flying Cloud in 1856. In 1886 the Austria was sold to A. M. Simpson and re-rigged as a bark, making her more suitable for trade among Pacific Coast ports.

The following January she was headed from San Francisco to Tacoma under the command of Captain George Delano. Eight days out, just off Cape Alava's Umatilla Reef a gale erupted. Fierce winds blew out several sails while waves and currents pushed the vessel toward the rocky shore. Captain Delano realized that the best he could hope for was to steer the ship among the reefs to the softest spot on shore. At 7:30 a.m. on January 21 the Austria ran aground on jagged rocks just south of Cannonball Island. With assistance from the Indians of Ozette Village all crew members made it to shore. Captain Delano hiked 30 miles over rough terrain to Neah Bay to report the shipwreck, and returned in another vessel to pick up his crew and salvage whatever he could of the ship's rigging and supplies.

The remains of the Austria are still visible off Cape Alava at very low tides.


Read about individual shipwrecks in the sanctuary:

H.M.S. Condor

Emily Farnum

Lamut

Leonore

Pacific

Prince Arthur

Skagway

Southerner

St. Nicholas

Temple Bar

W. J. Pirrie

See Shipwreck Map



Contact for page content: George Galasso
Photo of peach coral
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